“Krotite” Rare mineral discovered in the process of our Universe
Alexander N. Krot, a researcher at the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology department at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in Honolulu, Hawaii, can across a rare find, “the discovery of new minerals are not really the goal of our study.
We’re just trying to understand the processes of the solar system,” Krot humbly acknowledged. Such a rare discovery is probable to be amongst one of the earliest minerals formed in the solar system.
The first natural occurrence of a low-pressure CaAl2O4 mineral had been found in a refractory inclusion in a carbonaceous chondrite meteorite. The mineral was found in a 4.5 billion year old meteorite that landed in Morocco. The 17.6-pound rock, that was discovered is called the Northwest Africa 1934 or NWA 1934, was found in 2003.
The krotite grains found in the meteorite formed as high-temperature condensates from the solar nebula from which the solar system formed, approximately 4.6 billion years ago.
The Krotite was reported in 2011 in a calcium-aluminium-rich inclusion (CAI) in the carbonaceous chondrite meteorite NWA (North West Africa) 1934, which crashed through the earths atmosphere and landed in Morocco. The mineral name was approved by the International Mineralogical Association (IMA Number 2010-038) and honors Alexander N. Krot.
Krotite is a natural mineral composed of calcium, aluminium and oxygen, with the molecular formula CaAl2O4. It is the low-pressure dimorph of CaAl2O4, of which the high-pressure dimorph is named dmitryivanovite.
The discovery and identification of the mineral will help the scientific community, AstroPhysics, Geophysics, and Cosmo chemists piece together more records of the nebular and early solar system progressions and how the first solid building blocks ultimately turned into asteroids and planets, our universe, life forms and earth itself.
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